UN Goals to End Poverty and Improve the Environment

un goals

UN goals are a set of development goals that all UN member states should strive for, until 2030, by improving policies and expanding funding for development aid. They consist of 8 UN goals and numerous targets and indicators to monitor the achievement.

Here are some of the UN goals.

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

A close up of a persons feet on a table

Two out of five people in developing countries live in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.25 per day. Over 80% live in rural areas and are dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods.

The prevalence of hunger has been halved between 1990 and 2010; 1.3 billion fewer people are hungry today than in 1990.

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

A man standing on a rocky hill

It is to ensure that all boys and girls complete free, equitable, and quality primary education. Between 1990 and 2010, the number of children who did not attend school declined by more than half. There are now 62 million children out of school, 45% fewer than in 2000.

Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Today, over 130 million girls do not have access to primary education. This number would be higher if they account for those who do not attend for reasons such as early marriage, pregnancy, or a lack of decent school facilities and teachers.

Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

It is to reduce by two-thirds the number of children dying under five. A child born in sub-Saharan Africa today has a greater chance of surviving to age five than an average child born in 1990. Between 1990 and 2010, the number of children under five years old dying has fallen by more than half, from 12 million to 5.6 million per year.

Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

It is to improve the lives of women by reducing their risk of maternal death by three quarters. The number of women who died in pregnancy and childbirth has almost halved, dropping from more than 500,000 in 1990 to some 29,000 in 2013.

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases

It is to halt the spread of HIV/AIDS and reduce by three-quarters new HIV infections among children, as well as accelerate efforts to wipe out malaria and other major diseases. The number of children newly infected with HIV has dropped by 35% since 2001, and AIDS-related deaths fell 41% between 2004 and 2013.

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

It is to halve the proportion of people who lack access to safe drinking water, as well as the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation. Access to clean drinking water and sanitation has been a major success story of the Millennium Development Goals, with more than 2 billion people gaining access since 1990.

Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for the Development

It is to work together in eradicating poverty through good governance. It is a global partnership that must include developing countries, developed countries, international organizations, the private sector, and civil society.

Final Words

These UN goals show that we can fight very well against poverty and hunger, but if we want to talk about real sustainability we must not forget about environmental issues that also affect the quality of life of humans.

Aiming for a goal is much better than not doing anything at all! Let’s hope that in 2030 everyone will have access to clean drinking water, sanitation and won’t have to fear starvation!

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